Don’t like pruning?
Don’t plant evergreens near overhead lines. Instead, you should choose evergreens that have a more conical shape. You can give them Tree Pruning Success direction as they grow up, but they won’t need to be pruned. You can choose a mixed hedgerow instead of formal hedging such as macrocarpa or buxus (C. macrocarpa).
Take a look at the bigger picture
Although we know that the temptation to reach for the chainsaw and start cutting is overwhelming, it is important to consider what you want to accomplish before you rush to do so. For pruning, read our step-by–step list to help you organize your priorities. Next, take a moment to look at the tree’s shape and consider what you want to accomplish. Finally, after each cut, take a moment to reflect on where you are going next.
Making the cut
Good pruning is done close to the main trunk, lateral branches, or bud. But not too close. The branch bark ridge at top and the branch collar at bottom should be reached. However, you don’t want to damage them. This collar is crucial because it contains hormones that aid in wound healing.
Do not make a stub. This is a cut that is too far from the collar and ridge. There are fewer hormones in wood, so the wound heals slowly. It is also very ugly.
Large branches can be cut using cutting techniques
To avoid bark tearing, you should not prune a branch that is more than 3-4 cm in diameter. To prune the trunk, first cut 40 cm from the underside. You will need to cut through the branch until it begins to sag, trapping your saw. You can make a second cut at 45cm from the trunk on the top of each branch so that it splits between the two cuts. There is no trapsaw, no torn bark. You can then trim the stub back to a regular cut, as described above, without risk of more damage.
Are dead branches possible?
These should be your first pruning job. For both health and appearance, your top priority should be to remove dead branches from any tree. This gives you a framework to use when planning for what to prune back.
Are branches too close or crossing?
This is the next step in pruning. Remove any branch that is too close to or rubbing against another. This will reduce light and air flow.
Is the major limb below 45 degrees?
A tree with a major branch growing at a low angle to its trunk (less than 45o) is more likely to fall in high winds. If it can be caught early enough, you should remove it. You should weigh the potential damage to the tree and the cost of removing it in a controlled environment.
You can make your tree look better by removing suckers and vigorous shoots from the tree’s base and water sprouts (succulent shoots) from any branches. These suckers can cause damage to the tree and make it look unattractive. They are best removed when they are young.
Sometimes, you have to be pragmatic. You can cut down or remove a tree or shrub that is making your day miserable. Winter is a great time for pruning. You can see the structure of trees and shrubs better in winter, and won’t need to deal with wet leaves. This makes it easier to give your plants a pleasing shape.
Are you really required to prune?
Trees in forest settings must compete starting at an early age. The weakest trees are thrown to the side, while stronger trees live longer, get more sunlight and water, and suffer less storm damage. An open area, such as your garden, can cause damage to your tree and make it more susceptible to disease. As the pruner, you become the competitor, removing weak branches and strengthening the structure to increase the tree’s longevity.
You don’t have to protect the wound.
Research has repeatedly shown that good pruning cuts don’t require any dressings or paint-on treatments. Contrary to long-held beliefs a wound that has been painted or dressed is more susceptible to insect damage or disease. The tree’s bark cracks and is easily damaged by the pest or disease.
HOW TO PRUNE
A tree can be cut down at any time if it has a diseased or damaged limb. This should be done as soon possible. The worst time to prune a tree is after the early spring growth has occurred. This can cause stunting.
The following is a general schedule for pruning maintenance:
- Spring: Summer-blooming Trees
- Early Summer: Evergreen trees, hedges and early-spring flowering shrubs
- Late Summer: Maples, Birches
- Late winter: mature and young fruit trees (although you can still get them in the late, late winter), as well as everything else.
Pruning large trees can require some Tarzan skills, such as sharp saws, loppers or, worst of all, a Chainsaw. These tasks should not be taken lightly. To keep your family safe,
- Do not stand on a ladder to trim trees. Instead, secure yourself from at least two points.
- Do not climb up with tools in your hands. Have them held up by someone else, or use a rope to pull them up once you feel secure.
Always wear a hard hat with safety glasses
- Do not attempt to do a difficult or dangerous job. Instead, call professionals. It’s cheaper than breaking a leg.